What Are the Different Types of Psychology and Their Role

Most times people perceive psychologist as people who read human minds, thou psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. Psychologist study the connection between our human mind and it’s surrounding, through a careful observation.  This field is a broader field of study as it involves every aspect of our human existence. 

Psychologist work in different settings  like  researching, helping athlete’s reach their peak, due to its connection with many fields of study,  their services are currently in high demand.   In order to tackle the various challenges of life, clinical psychologist helps us to evacuate them.  

What is Psychologist

A psychologist according to American psychology Association,  is the study of the mind, and behavior. How they affect human behavior.  They further added embraces all aspects of the human experience, from the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged.  The utilize psychotherapy services in handling their clients and also work in collaboration with psychiatrist. A psychologist may offer treatment that focuses on behavioral adaptations.

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Symptoms that can be seen by a psychologist are

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Anger
  • Stress
  • Addiction management
  • Feeling overwhelmed by a new life transition (such as moving or taking on a new job)
  • Grief from a loss (such as the death of a loved one)
  • Navigating a chronic illness

Types of Psychologists

Psychology is like an onion, with so many parts they work with the principle jack of all trades master of none,  as a field of study it cuts across every other fields that their professional services are needed, areas where psychology is needed are listed below as types

  • Aviation Psychologists
  • Biopsychologists
  • Clinical Psychologists
  • Cognitive Psychologists
  • Community Psychologists
  • Comparative Psychologists
  • Consumer Psychologists
  • Counseling Psychologists
  • Cross-Cultural Psychologists
  • Developmental Psychologists
  • Educational Psychologists
  • Engineering Psychologists
  • Forensic Psychologists
  • Health Psychologists
  • Industrial-Organizational Psychologists
  • Military Psychologists
  • Personality Psychologists
  • School Psychologists
  • Social Psychologists

Different Types of Psychology

  • Clinical Psychology

This field of psychology involves the practioners to integrate science, theory and practice, through this integration a better understanding and relieving of problems is reached. It promotes the factors of adaption, adjustment, and development on a personal level.  The role of clinical psychologist  focuses on the biological, emotional, intellectual, social, & behavioral aspects of human life.   This field is the mother of all the areas of psychology, 

Specialist in this field help relieve and in alleviation of psychological distresses or dysfunctions. They help in promoting the well-being of a person and support their personal development. They focus more on psychotherapy and assessment.  Sometimes they are involved in research, training, forensic testimonies etc.

  • Forensic psychology

This area involves the relationship between the law and psychology,  this persons act as consultant in criminal cases involving civil case, child custody evaluations, and psychotherapy services. They’re involved in legal issues.

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Increase in forensic psychologist has increased over the year’s,  as most are involved in threat assessment.  While others perform the role of assessing juvenile and adult offenders, supporting child witnesses, professional testimonies, etc.

  • Cognitive Psychology

This area of psychology centers on the behavior of an individual, due to surrounding event’s and circumstances,  in order to have a basic understanding of an individual actions they is need to process the world around them. A cognitive psychologist assesses a person’s interpretation in their social setting for an individual with certain behaviors.

  • Counseling psychology

A counseling psychologist works on an individual, group or family,  and couple, they intervene in social challenges and developmental problems to optimize psychological well-being. Counseling psychologist work in educational, community centres,  government and private setting.  They provide solution to the problems affecting man. They help in solving problems related to behavioral problems, psychological disturbances, depression, stress etc. 

  • Educational Psychology

This group of psychologist helps  in identifying the pattern of learning and research on ways to improve them, it helps them to identify learning disabilities with children and come up with  ways to teach them. Psychologist in this field are trained on how to have a direct influence on emotional, cognitive, and behavioral works.  They help in guiding student in their career.

  • Industrial/organizational psychologist

 This group of psychologist are specialized in advising on how to handle work related issues, it involves putting the job to the man and the man to the Job. They apply human resources, sales, and marketing principles to handle management or administrative issues. They help in staff training and recruitment.

Other areas of psychology are 

  • Evolutionary Psychology

  • Military psychology

  • Social psychology

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